The land in the New World was granted to Captain John Mason who lived in Hampshire County, England. He sent settlers to create a fishing colony. During the colonial time period from about the 1600’s through the 1700’s, the thirteen original colonies were founded and divided among three major sections known as the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies. Clothing. Culture Government Bibliography The Geography of the New England. The New England Colonies are also referred to as the North Colonies: Fact 1 - Geography: The geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm and unsuitable for crops; Fact 2 - Natural Resources: Fish, whales, forests. The Southern Colonies were an Oligarchy, which meant that wealthy plantation owners controlled the government since they could pay for their expenses. The three colonies had several economic differences, the New England Colonies majored in the industrial field where they concentrated their work and efforts in fishing, ship-building and lumbering. The northeastern New England colonies had generally thin, stony soil, relatively little level land, and long winters, making it difficult to make a living from farming. The colonies were democratic in their governance, but there was a strong religious influence and the church had a say in the governing of the colonies in New England. The New England Colonies were a theocracy, which meant that the church controlled the government.The Middle Colonies had their government and church separated. Initially, most goods were transported by boat, but colonists soon developed roads to carry timber to the waterways. By the time of the American Revolutionary War, New England had become a wealthy haven for merchants. Differences in Population between Two Colonies In spite of both colonies being settled by men, women and children of English ancestry by the 1700’s both regions evolved into two very distinct societies. For instance, English colonies in Chesapeake and New England vehemently affected American culture, religion, and social norms. Plus, for those who love shopping, there are some great stops in between at some of the region's most popular designer outlet centers. Come visit The New England Colonies. New England Colonies Culture Documents: A Wanton Gospeller “Wanton gospeller” was an accusatory title given to men or women who were not civil or religious leaders, but who publicly interpreted or preached about holy texts. The history of the 13 American colonies that would become the first 13 states of the United States dates to 1492 when Christopher Columbus discovered what he thought was a New World, but was really North America, which along with its Indigenous population and culture had been there all along. This is known as a Theocracy. The charters for both the New England colony and the Chesapeake colony where received from the King of England. The Geography and Climate in the New England Colonies wasn't very good because the land was rocky and not good for farming, also the winters were very harsh. Turning to other pursuits, the New Englanders harnessed water power and established grain mills and sawmills. The New England Colonies are filled with flat hills and lowlands. The colonies in New England, Middle Colonies, and Southern Colonies all attracted Englishmen and therefore aspects of English culture. The type of clothing represented your station of life. New England’s main source of commerce was its fish and timber. As the American frontier pushed westward, migrants from New England transplanted their region’s patterns of culture and government to new frontiers in the Midwest.The Industrial Revolution successfully invaded New England in this period, and manufacturing came to dominate the economy. The richness of the land provided an abundance of lumber that was used in settling the area and also as an export to be sent back to England. However, the New England colonies were the most significant group of colonies of the New World in establishing an outpost of English culture along the Atlantic coast of North America in the 17th century. 1). Don't hesitate to pack your Timber was often exported back to England and furs were sold. Mohawk Frontier: The Dutch Community of Schenectady, New York, 1661-1710 However, the diversity among the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies is perhaps what made them so distinctive. The Puritans felt it was their opportunity to start over, to build a new society according to Calvinist ideals, and to live freely from dissention and worldly influence. For example, wealthy women wore satin gowns. There were some characteristics dealing with society shared by both the south and New England colonies. In this video, Kim explores New England settlers' reasons for immigrating to … The way churches developed in the area is called “the New England way.” A culture that has a “way” is a culture that is expecting people to conform. Now you can! Each region's schools and methods were tailored to teach those principles to the next generation. This colony was named the New England colony. Clothing was an essential part in the New England Colonies. consisted of great diversity as well as some similarities between colonies. Schools in the New England colonies … The New England colonies, Middle colonies, and Southern colonies each had their own principles that they deemed most important to a child's education. Though New England has been reshaped by later migrations, between 1640 and 1790 30,000 English settlers expanded and grew into a region with 750,000 Americans. The New England Colonies included Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut. The New England colonies organized society around the Puritan religion and family farming. Whales were common up the coast and became a valuable resource for the colonies. Slavery provided only a small amount of the labor force in early colonies. On Liberty John Winthrop 1645 Primary Source Contemporary English This liberty is maintained and exercised in a However, he died before ever seeing where he had spent a considerable amount of money building towns and defenses. New England's earliest colonies were farming communities that were often located along fertile river land or fishing villages located near the ocean. New England. Southern Colonies vs New England Colonies 713 Words | 3 Pages. Start in Boston, then head up the scenic New England coastline. New England Colonies' Use of Slavery New England Colonies' Use of Slavery Although slavery ended earlier in the North than in the South (which would keep its slave culture alive and thriving through the Emancipation Proclamation and the Civil War), colonial New England played an undeniable role in the long and grim history of American slavery. The first permanent settlement was Plymouth Colony, established by Puritans who came to the New World on the Mayflower in 1620. The culture and economy of the southern colonies and those of the New England colonies had similarities and differences. This New England driving tour takes you to some of the less discovered historic and cultural sites along the more rural back roads of New Hampshire. Facts about the New England Colonies of Colonial America. New Hampshire and Maine were originally proprietorships granted not by the king but the Council of New England. New Hampshire The colony was founded in 1623 by John Mason. Lumber and iron ore were also profitable industries for New England colonists, since these were both important resources in England. The Puritans were seeking to establish a world where they could practice their religion without persecution by the throne. Both colonies strove to maintain their independence but were only partly successful. The culture of New England comprises a shared heritage and culture primarily shaped by its indigenous peoples, early English colonists, and waves of immigration from Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Here you will find exactly what you're looking for, that English feeling. Church was very important in the New England colonies. Both the New England and Southern colonies relied on growing to survive, but their main exports differed with New England focused more on lumber and fishing while the Southern colonies focused on tobacco, although their main exports differed due to labor the effect of labor on their culture was the same. On New England puritans' desire for control and independence, see Stephen Foster, The Long Argument: English Puritanism and the Shaping of New England Culture, 1570-1700 (1991). There are several aspects that influenced the culture of the New England Colonies. New England Colonies By: Stacy Roman Have you ever wanted to travel to New England, but stay in the comfort of your own home? On the other, partially because of the high levels of homogeneity in that colonization project, the Puritan founders of the New England colonies marginalized and even exiled outsiders. To add, they have many mountains and have impoverished soil which makes it fairly difficult to farm on. The New England colonies of Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island were founded as a part utopian experiment and part commercial venture. The thirteen colonies, which were divided into 3 regions, were all different and unique in many ways. The New England colonies supported one another to build a single class system, a middle class society. By this, I mean the colonies of New England. The harsh climate in the New England colonies did not favor agriculture: hence, they engaged in manufacturing as a way of making a living (“Climate of the Three Colonies” par. 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